Xupeng's blog

Mar 14, 2005 - 3 minute read - Comments




  1. You are familiar with computers, and probably know either Windows or Linux fairly well.

  2. You have already installed FreeBSD.  If not, then click here: How to Install FreeBSD

  3. You have configured the FreeBSD shell.  If not, then click here: How to Configure the FreeBSD Shell

  4. Your 'ports tree' is up to date.  If you don't know, then it probably isn't current.  Update the ports tree by issuing one of these commands: Update the Ports Tree Using CVSup

  5. Here is how to configure your computer so that CVSup is run on a regular basis


  6. In the Samba configuration file, (as is true with many Unix type files), a hash/pound sign '#', and a semi-colon ';' at the beginning of a line means that the computer should ignore the rest of the line.  Typically, these 'ignore' characters are for your benefit--they usually contain comments about what is taking place. Hence, when a line begins with # or ; it is 'commented out'. Sometimes double slashes '//' have the same 'ignore' effect--it just depends on what type of program is reading the file.


  7. You can find samba in the this directory:

    At the present time (2004 September) '/samba3' will contain the 3.x series.  '/samba' will contain 2.x series, which is obsolete.

  8. Enter:

    make install
  9. Will look for file and download it from an FTP server if the file doesn't happen to be already in /usr/ports/distfiles/.  The current version of the file (2004 September) is 3.0.7,1 and the file name is samba-3.0.7.tar.gz.

  10. Once the file is downloaded and checked for integrity, the screen shows a number of options:

    Options for samba 3.0.7,1
    [X] LDAP                      With LDAP support
    [X] ADS                       With Active Directory support
    [X] CUPS                      With CUPS printing support
    [X] WINBIND                   With WinBIND support
    [ ] ACL_SUPPORT               With ACL support
    [ ] SYSLOG                    With Syslog support
    [ ] QUOTAS                    With Quota support
    [X] UTMP                      With UTMP support
    [ ] MSDFS                     With MSDFS support
    [ ] SAM_XML                   With XML smbpasswd backend
    [ ] SAM_MYSQL                 With MYSQL smbpasswd backend
    [ ] SAM_PGSQL                 With PostgreSQL smbpasswd backend
    [ ] SAM_OLD_LDAP              With Samba2.x LDAP smbpasswd backend
    [ ] PAM_SMBPASS               With SMB PAM module
    [X] POPT                      With installed POPT library

  11. Leave options as they are

  12. Tab to OK, press enter.


  13. Will say:

    Extracting samba-3.0.7,1
    or similar.

  14. Screen shows:

    Options for gettext:

    [X] Examples
    [X] HTML
    Check both options

  15. Press Enter.

    Will then go on showing lots of lines of messages as it builds.  It will download any program/file that it depends on, including autoconf.

  16. It is possible that the 'make install' process will not complete successfully.  If this happens, go to: 'make install' fails on FreeBSD

  17. After Samba has been installed, you should see something like this:


    This port has installed the following startup scripts which may cause
    these network services to be started at boot time.

    If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security
    risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
    ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
    to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

    For more information, and contact details about the security
    status of this software, see the following webpage:


  18. When Samba was installed, it created a a default configuration file in:

    Oddly enough it is called:

    Also, there is a copy here as well:

    Since the system needs the file to be named 'smb.conf', let's make a copy:

    cd /usr/local/etc/
    cp -p smb.conf.default smb.conf


    In order for Samba to work we need to edit this file a bit. So, let's fire up Pico:

    pico smb.conf

  19. Item: 'workgroup'

    Change from "MYGROUP" to whatever the name your workgroup is.


    workgroup = XYZworkgroup

  20. Item: 'server string'

    Change the server string to whatever is appropriate. Here are some possibilities:

    %h Samba Server
    %h Samba
    '%h' is a variable for the name of the Host computer that Samba is running on.

  21. Item: 'log file'

    The default line is:

    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    The %m is a variable for the client logging in. You can use the default naming convention, or perhaps something like this:

    log file = /var/log/Samba-%m.log


  22. Go down until you see:

    ========================== Share Definitions ==========================

  23. Let's set up the users so that they cannot obliterate their configuration files.  The first section is:

       comment = Homes Directories
       browseable = no
       writable = yes
    Let's change this to:

       comment = Home directory for %u on %h
       browseable = no
       writable = yes
       path = /usr/home/%u/Docs
       valid users = %S

  24. Let's do the public section.  Just below the commented out section called [public] (just before the '# Other examples' section), let's add a public directory that can be read from and written to by all users:

    # A publicly accessible directory, that can be read from
    # or written to by all valid users.
       comment = %h Shared Public Directory
       path = /usr/home/samba/public
       force directory mode = 0777
       force create mode = 0777
       force group = nobody
       force user = nobody
       public = yes
       writeable = yes
       read only = no
  25. Save this file, and exit Pico:


    Press enter


  26. Now let's test the file for typos and other errors:

    /usr/local/bin/testparm | more
    If you don't see any error messages, then it's good to go.

  27. Next, let's create those directories that we referenced just a bit ago:

    cd /usr

    mkdir home

    cd home

    mkdir samba

    cd samba

    mkdir public

    cd public

  28. Let's reboot the computer:

    shutdown -r +1
  29. Wait until the computer reboots, then log in again.

  30. In order for the users to be able to use Samba on this computer, they have to be added to 2 user databases. The first is the OS database, and the second is the Samba user database.


  31. For each of your users, add them to the OS database.  After you have entered your first user, the system will ask you if you have more users to enter.  Enter them all.  Start this process by entering:

    adduser -v

    If it's the first time you have used the 'adduser' command, you should see the following:

    /etc/adduser.conf: No such file or directory
    Use option ''-silent'' if you don't want to see all warnings and questions.

    Check /etc/shells
    Check /etc/master.passwd
    Check /etc/group
    Usernames must match regular expression:

    Press the enter key if you agree or enter the following if your Windows users have capitalized usernames:

  32. Shows:

    Enter your default shell: csh date no sh tcsh zsh [sh]:

  33. Shows:

    Your default shell is: csh -> /bin/csh
    Enter your default HOME partition: [/home]:

    Press enter.

  34. Shows:

    Oops, /usr/home already exists.
    Create symlink: /home -> /user/home
    Copy dotfiles from: /usr/share/skel no [/usr/share/skel]:
    Press enter.

  35. Shows:

    Send message from file: /etc/adduser.message no
    Press enter.

  36. Shows:

    Create ``/etc/adduser.message''? (y/n) [y]:
    Press enter.

  37. Shows:

    Use passwords (y/n) [y]:
    Press enter.

  38. Shows:

    Write your configuration to /etc/adduser.conf? (y/n) [y]:
    Press enter.

  39. Shows:

    Ok, let's go.
    Don't worry about mistakes.  I will give you the chance later to correct any input.
    Enter username [[^[a-z0-9_][a-z0-9_-]*$

Tags: freebsd

FreeBSD 4.11安装Vmware2.0.4-1142遇到的问题。

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